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Now is the Time to Enroll in

Transitional Kindergarten!

We're Waiting for You!



Read to baby everyday!
Read to baby everyday!

Early Childhood - Transitional Kindergarten and Kindergarten

TK/K Letter
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Tips From First 5 California

Each and every day there are lots of fun and simple things you can do with your child to help his or her development and ensure a better start in life. Children learn while watching you and by playing, so make these activities a time of fun and bonding between the two of you. Here are some examples:

  • Read, Sing and Talk: By talking to children in full sentences from the moment they are born, you help them build a basis for language and dialogue. This stimulates their minds and helps them develop verbal skills.
  • Walks: Take a walk with your child and count how many houses you have passed. You can also encourage a conversation by asking him or her what color things are in your surrounding environment. Point out signs and ask about the letters you see.
  • Helping with Chores: When your child is old enough, he or she can begin helping you around the house. This will make him or her feel important and useful, and will help him or her develop confidence, as well as valuable math and verbal skills. For example:
    • Sorting Laundry: Your child can help you sort laundry by colors. Have him or her say the color out loud and help him or her differentiate between dark and light.
    • Cooking: Have your child help with cooking by getting ingredients for you. You can ask him or her to give you a certain amount of something like potatoes. This will not only help encourage his or her verbal skills, but will help develop his or her math skills too.

More Tips

  1. Read out loud to your child every day.
  2. Use board books for babies and young children.
  3. Tell stories.
  4. Take your child to reading programs.
  5. Let your child draw and write.
  6. Visit the library.
  7. Limit TV watching and when you watch, choose educational programs and watch together.
  8. Read yourself and make it a family activity.

Some Quick Facts

  • Ninety percent of brain development occurs before age 5.
  • Studies show that a child who is rarely spoken to or read to in the early years may have difficulty mastering language skills later in life.
  • Only 53 percent of children ages 3 to 5 are read to daily.
  • A child who is rarely played with may have difficulty with social adjustment as he or she grows.
  • A child who is held and nurtured in a time of stress is less likely to respond with violence later.



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 80 Skills That Help Ease the Transition to Kindergarten

Source: State: Arizona Department of Education

To be ready for kindergarten, preschoolers need a variety of skills. While few students possess all of them before they enter, here's a list of skills that will help make the transition easier, divided by subject area:


Reading Readiness

Remembers pictures from a printed page

Repeats a 6 to 8 word sentence

Pretends to read (has been read to often)

Identifies own first name in writing

Attempts to print own first name

Answers questions about a short story

Looks at pictures and tells a story

Understands words are read left to right

Familiar with the letters of the alphabet

Knows some nursery rhymes

Knows the meaning of simple words


Understands day and night

Knows age and birthday

Recognizes Colors  Shapes

Recognizes primary colors

Recognizes triangles, circles, squares rectangle


Counts to 10

Listening  Sequencing

Follows simple directions

Pays attention

Recognizes common sounds

Retells a simple story in sequence

Repeats a sequence of sounds

Repeats a sequence of numbers heard

Size, Position  Direction

Big and little

Long and short

Up and down

In and out

Front and back

Over and under

Hot and cold

Empty and full

More and less

Fast and slow

Top and bottom

Motor Skills


Walk a straight line



Alternate feet walking downstairs


Stand on one foot 10 seconds

Walk backwards for 5 feet

Throw a ball

Paste pictures on paper

Clap hands

Button clothes

Build with blocks

Complete simple 5 piece puzzle or less

Draw or color beyond a simple scribble

Zip clothes

Control pencil and crayon well

Handle scissors

Cut and draw simple shapes


Expresses self verbally

Looks forward to going to school

Recognizes authority

Shares with others

Helps with family chores

Works independently

Identifies other children by name

Can take care of toilet needs independently

Cares for own belongings

Dresses self

Brushes teeth

Can be away from parents for 2 to 3 hours

Joins in family conversation

Carries a plate of food

Maintains self-control

Gets along well with others

Talks easily

Meets visitors without shyness

Puts toys away

My Child Knows…

Body Parts

Own first name

Own last name

Parents' names

Home address

Home phone number

When to use a handkerchief

Own sex